God’s Holy House
Thy testimonies are very sure: holiness becometh thine house, O LORD, forever. —Psalm 93:5
This verse is truly remarkable, not because of its mystery but because of its profundity and simplicity. The Psalmist teaches us that holiness becomes God’s house. That is to say, purity of life and separation from sin are not only consistent with a holy people saved by grace, purity and separation beautify those holy people who are saved by grace. Though apparently taboo in this day of distorted Calvinism, holy living is a biblical doctrine that I refuse to consign to the trash as mere religious rubbish. Holy living—living as a saint ought to live—adorns the doctrine of God our Savior, making it beautiful in God’s sight and in the sight of all who know what true spiritual beauty is.
Children of God, we have been called out of darkness by the grace of our God, separated from the rest of the world through sanctification of the Spirit; therefore, sin, carnality, worldliness, filthiness, and corruption of any kind are completely inconsistent with who we are and what we have become by the merciful work of our Lord. We are God’s holy ones, his saints, and it behooves us, at all times, to live “as obedient children, not fashioning [ourselves] according to the former lusts in [our] ignorance: but as he which hath called [us] is holy, so [let us] be holy in all manner of conversation; because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.” Whether meeting together with the saints to worship God as an assembly, at work, at home, or on the street, holiness becomes us. “He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.” It behooves us to live up to our high and holy calling as the saints of God by following the perfect example of our holy Savior, walking as he walked—the flesh and our sin notwithstanding.
The Psalmist is not suggesting that we can make ourselves holy by anything we do or refrain from doing—we can’t. Regardless of how sincere or impressive it may be, no amount of working, giving, reading, obeying, sacrificing, devoting, or praying, can ever make a sinner clean, pure, and holy in God’s sight. Just as Christ alone is the believer’s righteousness, redemption, and wisdom, he is also the believer’s complete sanctification; however, it is our duty, as the people of God, to behave ourselves holily. As men and women who are clean every whit by Jesus Christ, we must exemplify purity in every facet of or lives for the glory of our holy God. Cats behave like cats, and dogs behave like dogs. The wicked behave like the wicked, and the saints must behave as saints, as a holy people set apart for divine use. It really is just that simple. Holy people must live as holy people because holiness becomes God’s house.
Our God is holy, holy, holy, and holiness becomes his house. Holiness of character and holiness of conduct become the saints of this holy God. Purity of heart, purity of mind, purity of speech, and purity of life are what we have been called to. “For you know what commandments we gave you by the Lord Jesus,” says the Apostle Paul. “For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication: that every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honor; not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God: that no man go beyond and defraud his brother in any matter: because that the Lord is the avenger of all such, as we also have forewarned you and testified. For God hath not called us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness.”
The Psalmist leads into this matter of holiness becoming the house of God by making a statement that seems to be out of place. He says, “Thy testimonies are very sure,” and then in the same breath, he says, “holiness becometh thine house, O LORD, forever.” Clearly, there is a connection between holiness, the people of God, and the word of God, and that connection cannot be stressed sufficiently enough. God’s people are a holy priesthood, clean and pure in God’s sight. God’s church is washed in pure water and in the cleansing blood of the Lamb. Each and every believer is pure in heart; however, this holiness and separation only comes by way of the written word, because it is only by God’s word that we learn what holiness is and what God requires of us.
God’s testimonies are very sure; they are very true, unfailing, and absolutely binding upon us. Not a single syllable of our holy God’s written word shall fall to the ground unfulfilled. His promises are certain and so are his commandments. We will either do all that God says, believing him and separating ourselves completely from all that displeases him, or we will have no fellowship with him. He has given us his word for a reason, and that reason is that holiness becomes his house. If we are to live in a holy God’s presence and abide in perpetual communion with him, we must follow his instructions given in his word. God will be sanctified by his people. He will be acknowledged by us to be that God who dwells in the light that no man can approach unto, and the only true way to acknowledge him as this holy God is by simply doing what he says.
If we refuse his testimonies, which are all very sure, substituting the corrupt ways, practices, manners, methods, and doctrines of the heathen around us for the pure and perfect will of the Lord, he will not look on us, delight in us, sup with us, commune with us, hear us, or receive our worship. How could he? He’s holy! Holiness becomes his house, and his testimonies are very sure! He commands holiness. He commands compliance. He demands obedience. He requires separation. He requires purity. “For what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? And what communion hath light with darkness?” We can live in unholiness like the world around us, having no fellowship with God, or live separated from the world as a holy people, enjoying communion with God, but we can’t do both. A god of darkness may very well delight in a people of darkness who rejoice in darkness, but a holy God requires a holy people who delight in holiness. —Frank Hall
The LORD knoweth the thoughts of man, that they are vanity. —Psalm 94:11
Poor, lost, pitiful sinner, all your thoughts are vanity, nothing but useless, foolish, and empty. Specifically, according to the context, the vain thoughts that God is speaking about are those that you have about God not seeing you perform your wickedness and sin. The Psalmist says in the verses leading into our text, “[The wicked] slay the widow and the stranger, and murder the fatherless. Yet they say, The LORD shall not see, neither shall the God of Jacob regard it.” Like all lost men, you do evil, and you tell yourself that the Most High God shall not see it or regard it. Oh, foolish sinner, you think you are getting away with something, but you are gravely mistaken. God sees and knows all that you do. All that sin you do—God sees it. All that evil you perform—God knows it. All that filth and blasphemy you think and speak—God hears every bit of it. All that perversity, corruption, and uncleanness in your heart, mind, and life—he beholds it with perfect vision.
The Psalmist goes on to say, “He that planted the ear, shall he not hear? He that formed the eye, shall he not see? He that chastiseth the heathen, shall not he correct? He that teacheth man knowledge, shall not he know? The LORD knoweth the thoughts of man, that they are vanity.” It is utterly absurd, foolish, and vain for you to imagine that God is stupid, deaf, and blind. Understand this: God sees. God hears. God knows. Mom, dad, and the rest of the family may not. The wife may not. The husband may not. The boss, coworkers, and neighbors may not. Oh, but there is a God in the heavens who sees, hears, and knows all your vile mischief and mayhem wrought in the darkness. You may have everyone else fooled, but no one, not even you, can fool almighty God. “Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.” Know this, and fear before him.
In the light of this glorious revelation—God's seeing, hearing, and knowing all that you do—what are you going to do, sinner? Will you continue in these vain thoughts, cherishing the satanic delusion that you are pulling the wool over your Maker’s eyes? Will you persist in your mad dash of iniquity and sin? What can you gain from such a course of foolishness? Will you continue to indulge your vile affections and revel in your insanity? If so, how can you escape the damnation of hell?
There is but one escape, just one way out of the mess you are in—repent. Turn to Christ in brokenness and contrition. He is the way, the truth, and the life; no man comes to the Father but by him. Come down from your highness, vain man, and humble yourself in the dust before God. Fall down before him as a guilty sinner, and worship him, as did the leper of old. Tell him all the truth, and conceal nothing from him whose eyes burn as lamps of discerning fire. Tell him all that you are, all that you’ve done, all that you’ve said, and all that you’ve thought. Confess it all, and he will pardon, for “if we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.”
This is the God with whom we have to do. He is no little-g stump god. He is the real deal, the sovereign Potter, the Creator of the ends of the earth, and he will take vengeance on all who know not him and obey not the gospel. He will satiate his glistening sword and make it fat in the slaughter of his foes. He will stain all his vesture in the blood of his enemies. He died on the cross, but he is coming again to judge and make war. He is approachable, but he is to be revered. He is good and gracious, but he is also just and true. He is tender and merciful, but he is holy and righteous. He is faithful to his promises of grace and salvation; he will fulfill them all. But he is equally faithful in the execution of his wrath; God does not make empty threats. Do not play games with this God, for the LORD is a mighty man of war. Be wise now, therefore, sinner. Be instructed, ye guilty ones of the earth. Repent of your sin, and trust the Son. “Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling. Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.” —Frank Hall
Christ the Commander
Behold, I have given him for a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people. —Isaiah 55:4
This verse reveals some truly wonderful and spectacular things. God says, “Behold.” Behold what? Behold God’s gift, God’s glorious and unspeakable gift, the gift of Jesus Christ. “Behold, I have given HIM.” God gave Christ “for a witness,” and what a remarkable witness he is. He is the true and faithful witness of God, who bears witness to God’s work, will, and ways. Christ’s testimony is true, certain, and infallible; that means his witness can be trusted and relied upon without any possibility of men being led astray by him. But God has also given Christ to be something else, something other than a witness. God has given Christ to be a leader and commander of the people.
Most of us have heard of Christ the Redeemer, Christ the Shepherd, and Christ the Savior, but very few people have ever considered Christ as the Commander and Chief of Christianity. It is common in our day for false teachers to present Christ to the people as an inviter, as a beggar, and as a would-be sovereign, but very few teachers preach up Christ as the one and only truly sovereign Commander of Israel. “Christ wants to save,” they say. “Christ desires to rule and intervene,” the say. “Christ offers grace,” they say. “Christ tries to have his way,” they say. No! No! No! What a load of garbage! That is Satan’s messiah, not the Christ of God. God did not give his blessed Son to be a beggar or a would-be king to the people. God the Father gave his darling Son to be a real Leader and a real Commander of the people, and that is precisely what he is.
Does Christ, as so many claim, need your permission to do anything—to rule you, kill you, or damn you? Can he save you without your permission? Can he do with you as he pleases, or must he first obtain your consent? Does Christ need you, the mighty sinner, to sign his permission slip? What if you say, “No”? Will your non-consent trump his divine desire? Can your will really supersede and override his sovereign omnipotent will? How can he have his way in the mighty whirlwind, if he cannot have his way with weak, pathetic, little you? Such heretical notions are nothing more than the shallows of the River Ridiculous. What commander or general ever asked his soldiers to follow his orders? Such a general would not be general for very long, for his soldiers would quickly realize that they and not he were the ones in command. Christ does not ask for consent, approval, leave, or permission. Rather, he does “according to his will in the army of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth: and none can stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou?”
Make sure that you understand this: Christ does not ask you to comply with his will—he commands you to comply with his will. He is not asking you to repent; he “commandeth all men everywhere to repent.” He is not asking people to come to him; he tenderly, yet sovereignly, commands all to come to him that they might live and never die. This is precisely why unbelief is sinful. It is sinful because it is an act of disobedience. You can’t disobey a request or an invitation; you can only disobey a commandment. The gospel of Christ commands the sinner to comply with God’s terms of salvation by faith, by surrendering to Christ, and by trusting Christ alone. Paul says that when the Lord Jesus comes again, it will not be to slap the wrists of those who threw his invitation in the trash; it will be “in flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that OBEY NOT the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power.” That is the conduct one would expect from a glorious and sovereign Leader and Commander. It certainly does not fit the character of a weak would-be adviser.
It is true that Christ is the great Physician and the Friend of sinners; we rejoice that it’s so. But he is so much more. He is the Leader and Commander of the people; therefore, it behooves us, the people, to comply with his commandments without reservation or hesitation. This glorious Sovereign is the Christ of God. This is the Christ of Holy Scripture. This is the Christ that men despise. Everybody seems to want a Christ that saves on their terms, a Christ they can lead about by the nose, a Christ that will follow them wherever they lead, a Christ that will do their bidding, and that will do nothing more than issue good advice from time to time, allowing them, for the most part, to rule themselves. Such a Christ may suit the tastes of the ungodly, but such a Christ is as worthless and deadly as a flu vaccination administered by Satan Rothschild on board the ISS!
The Lord Jesus Christ is a great and mighty King. He is our great Commander. We owe him our allegiance. We have no choice but to obey him. If we refuse and go our own way, there will be consequences—dire consequences. I am not saying that Christ our Commander is a bully or a tyrant—he’s not. He is unspeakably merciful and gracious, but he remains our sovereign Commander, who requires and deserves our utmost respect and unswerving obedience. This is our reasonable service. And “when ye have done all those things which are commanded of you, (don’t look for an ata-boy or a pat on the back) say, We are unprofitable servants. We have done that which was our duty to do.” Christ is a worthy Commander, and we are his unprofitable servants. So it is, and so it shall be. Amen. —Frank Hall
Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live. —Isaiah 55:3
It has been my experience that most people just will not listen to the word of God, the servant of God, or the gospel of God. People will listen to theologians, vain chatter, and religious opinions. People will listen to the talking heads on television. They will listen to their favorite celebrities. They will even listen to the oppositions of science falsely so-called. But you will be hard pressed to find anyone who will actually put a lid on it and listen intently, without argument, to what God has to say in the scriptures.
“Why is this?” you ask. It’s very simple: men hate God. The natural man despises the very thought of submitting to God’s divine authority. The natural man will sit at Gamaliel’s feet, but he loathes the notion of taking a seat at Christ’s feet. The natural man says, “That may have served Mary well enough. But what did she know? She was a poor, silly, illiterate, and ignorant woman. I’m wise. I’m educated. I’ve been to university.” The natural man will listen to Metallica. He will listen to Dr. Phil. He will listen to Jerry Springer. He will listen to Neil Degrasse Tyson. He will even listen to Donald Trump. But he will not listen to Jesus Christ, not sincerely, not honestly, and certainly not gladly. This is madness, and this is folly. Deafness toward God is the way of death.
Incline your ear to God, and listen to his word, ye deaf sinners. This is your responsibility. “Hear, and your soul shall live.” I know that salvation is all of grace, just as I know that faith is the gift of God. But I also know that if you harden your hearts against the Lord Jesus and stuff your fingers in your ears, you may as well jump head first into the bottomless pit because that is where you are going to end up if you persist in your blind arrogance. It is your duty to do as God says, and God says, “Listen up!”
Do you desire death? If not, why won’t you listen? Life only comes through listening to God’s word. “HEAR, and your soul shall live.” God does not say, “Work, and your soul shall live.” He does not say, “Keep the law, and your soul shall live.” He does not even say, “Give me your best, and your soul shall live.” Oh, no; salvation is not of works of any sort. Salvation is of the Lord, and it is all of grace; yet, “faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.” Listen to God. Hear what he has to say. Receive all that he speaks. Believe every word of his testimony, and eternal life is yours. Receive the love of the truth that you might be saved. If you refuse, you will die in your sins.
Have you heard, sinner? Have you heard the glorious tidings of the crucified Redeemer, or have you been so busy chasing the wind that you forgot you had a soul that was in danger of eternal hellfire? Have you heard that Jesus paid it all? Have you heard that the Lord God omnipotent reigneth? Have you heard that Christ is coming again? The question, have you heard, reminds me of a hymn I wrote some time ago to Toplady’s Rock of Ages:
It is finished—have you heard?
It is written in God’s word.
Jesus came and did it all.
He saved us from sin’s dread gall.
All our debt he freely paid.
Oh, my soul, he saved the day!
God’s grace is free—have you heard?
You cannot with God barter.
Leave your good works far behind.
They’re only good to the blind.
Christ will give you all you need.
For poor sinners he did bleed.
God has his way—have you heard?
A god who tries is absurd!
“He wants to save,” so men say.
What—a god who cannot save!
Over men he has control.
Destiny’s scroll he does hold.
Christ is coming—have you heard?
Oh, may this truth your heart stir!
Be ready when the trump sounds.
Oh, may you in him be found!
But if you’re lost, out you’ll call,
“Oh, great mountains, on me fall!”
You can no longer say, “I do not know—I have not heard.” Now you know; now you have heard. You no longer have a cloak for your sin and unbelief.
Listen to God, and hear the word of righteousness. Do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain. Have you not heard? Do you not know that Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone that believeth? Stop trying to make yourself acceptable to God by your own sorry deeds and decisions. Trust Christ for righteousness, for “except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.”
Listen to God, and hear the word of grace. “The LORD is gracious, and full of compassion; slow to anger, and of great mercy.” His grace is sufficient in every way for the worst of men, for time and eternity. Are you a sinner in need of God’s forgiveness? Understand, guilty sinner, God’s pardon is not for sale; God’s forgiveness is free, a gift of pure grace to those who dare to come to him with nothing in their hands. “Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath NO MONEY; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.” Almighty God gives salvation away freely, no strings attached. There is no small print, no concealed costs, no hidden fees, and no secret surcharges. God is not a man that he should lie. God is forthright, honest, and sincere in all of his dealings with men. God really is gracious to the guilty, and all that sinners need he freely supplies by his grace.
Listen to God, and hear the word of redemption. “The LORD hath redeemed his servant Jacob.” Christ did not redeem all men from their sins, and he did not make it possible for all men to be redeemed. He actually, fully, and really redeemed—past tense—his chosen servant, Jacob. Jacob’s sins have been paid for and put away forever. Jacob is justified. Jacob has been reconciled to God by the precious blood of Christ. Jacob has been delivered from the wrath to come by the cross of Christ. That is the good news of the gospel. Redemption is not possible—redemption is done for God’s people.
How can someone know that they have actually heard God speak? How can I know that I am chosen, redeemed, saved, and called? It is very simple: I know that God redeemed me, if I have come to Christ. My coming is the evidence of my redemption. Mark what our text says: “Incline your ear, and come unto me.” If you have really and actually inclined your ear to God, you come to Christ by faith. You coming to him is the evidence that you have heard and that you are alive. If you have yet to come to Christ, it is because you are still lost and still dead in your sins, and your deadness is evidenced by your refusal to come to him as the guilty sinner that you are. Living people trust Christ, but dead sinners will not hear him, much less come to him. —Frank Hall
Chariots of the Lord
The chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thousands of angels. —Psalm 68:17
A clear instance of God appearing with chariots is found in Isaiah 66:15–16: “For behold, the Lord will come in fire, and his chariots like the whirlwind, to render his anger in fury, and his rebuke with flames of fire. For by fire will the Lord enter into judgment, and by his sword, with all flesh; and those slain by the Lord shall be many.”
In the ancient Near East, chariots were not commonly owned by ordinary people. They were expensive. They could, of course, be used for mere show. But their main practical use was in war. They provided a mobile platform. So when chariots occur in connection with God appearing, we should think first of all of God waging war against evil. And that is in fact what we find in Isaiah 66:15–16 and other passages.
Here are more instances involving a warlike context:
Was the LORD displeased against the rivers? was thine anger against the rivers? was thy wrath against the sea, that thou didst ride upon thine horses and thy chariots of salvation? Thy bow was made quite naked, according to the oaths of the tribes, even thy word. Selah. Thou didst cleave the earth with rivers. (Hab. 3:8-9)
And Elisha prayed, and said, LORD, I pray thee, open his eyes, that he may see. And the LORD opened the eyes of the young man; and he saw: and, behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha. (2 Kings 6:17)
We also have the well-known instance where chariots of fire come to take Elijah up to heaven: "And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, there appeared a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven. And Elisha saw it, and he cried, My father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof. And he saw him no more: and he took hold of his own clothes, and rent them in two pieces." (2 Kings 2:11-12) The main point here seems to be the power and mobility of the chariots, not that they are actually engaged in war.
We also have cases that describe God as “riding,” but where there is no explicit description of chariots. In the light of clear cases where God uses chariots, these instances also should be understood as involving an allusion to chariots:
There is none like unto the God of Jeshurun, who rideth upon the heaven in thy help, and in his excellency on the sky. (Deut. 33:26)
Sing unto God, sing praises to his name: extol him that rideth upon the heavens by his name JAH, and rejoice before him. (Psalm 68:4)
To him that rideth upon the heavens of heavens, which were of old; lo, he doth send out his voice, and that a mighty voice. (Psalm 68:33)
The burden of Egypt. Behold, the LORD rideth upon a swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt: and the idols of Egypt shall be moved at his presence, and the heart of Egypt shall melt in the midst of it. (Is. 19:1)
Ezekiel 1:15–17 and Daniel 7:9 mention wheels. The text in Ezekiel says, "Now as I beheld the living creatures, behold one wheel upon the earth by the living creatures, with his four faces. The appearance of the wheels and their work was like unto the color of a beryl: and they four had one likeness: and their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel in the middle of a wheel. When they went, they went upon their four sides: and they turned not when they went." The text in Daniel says, "I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire." How do the wheels function, and what is the point of the symbolism? The wheels in Daniel 7:9 are chariot wheels. Daniel 7:9–10 has combined a description of a scene of God’s court with a feature from chariots. Ezekiel 1 makes this plain by including more detail. God’s throne is at the center (Ezek. 1:26), and the living creatures are part of the surrounding “court.” The wheels come with the living creatures.
In Ezekiel 1, we may infer that the four wheels, with the four living creatures, were spaced around the central throne. There are four wheels, rather than the two wheels that are attached to a normal human chariot. And each wheel is “as it were a wheel within a wheel” (Ezek. 1:16). These wheels probably symbolize the power of the chariot to move in any direction—unlike an ordinary chariot, built to move in only its “forward” direction. Later on in Ezekiel the whole structure does move: the presence of God, as represented in the structure with the living creatures, departs from the temple and moves toward the east (Ezek. 10:18–19; 11:22–23).
The passage in Ezekiel 1 also makes it clear that there is a close correlation between the wheels and the four living creatures. The two move together (Ezek. 1:19–20). This connection is explained: “for the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels” (Ezek. 1:20; 10:17).
It appears that with the mention of the living creatures and the wheels we have two different symbolic representations of the “vehicle” that carries the throne and the presence of God. The vehicle consists in the four living creatures and the wheels, which are closely identified with the living creatures. Together, the four wheels form a chariot to carry the presence of God.
We can add to this picture a key verse in 1 Chronicles 28:18: “. . .and gold for the pattern [David's plan given to Solomon; v.11] of the chariot of the cherubims, that spread out their wings, and covered the ark of the covenant of the LORD." The overall “plan” in 1 Chronicles 28 specifies designs for various items that will furnish the temple that Solomon is instructed to build. Included in the master plan is a plan for “the golden chariot of the cherubim.” What cherubim are in view? From an earlier point in history, the ark of the covenant already had images of two cherubim attached to its cover (Ex. 25:17–21). The plan from David’s time also includes two larger cherubim that Solomon made and that were placed in the Most Holy Place of the temple (1 Kings 6:23–28; 2 Chron. 3:10–13). The fact that the cherubim “spread out their wings, and covereed the ark" (1 Chron. 28:18) seems to indicate that the immediate reference is to the two cherubim attached to the cover of the ark (Ex. 25:20).
The point to notice is that the cherubim are identified with [gold for the pattern of the chariot of the cherubims], a golden chariot. The cherubim are God’s chariot. Rather than having some physical structure made of wood or iron, God’s chariot is made of living creatures, who are cherubim (Ezek. 10:20).
Once we have this information, other verses fall into place, which describe God as riding on a cherub: "And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: and he was seen upon the wings of the wind. (2 Sam. 22:11; cf. Ps. 18:10). Here the “cherub” functions as the vehicle on which God rides: it is his chariot. The expression “wings of the wind” enjoys a connection with the wings of the cherubim, mentioned in 1 Kings 6:27; 8:6–7; 1 Chronicles 28:18; 2 Chronicles 3:11, 13; 5:8; Ezekiel 1:6, 8, 9, 11, 23, 24, 25.
As we already observed, chariots typically function as equipment in war. God’s chariot or chariots symbolize his ability to execute judgment as a warrior whenever and wherever he wishes. He does not have the limitations in space and time of a human warrior. Like the warrior theophanies, the chariot theophanies manifest God’s faithfulness to his promises and to his covenant. They also affirm his kingly power.
In the New Testament, Christ comes as the divine warrior warring against sin, evil, and death. In the Old Testament, the two cherubim above the ark of the covenant were attached to the mercy seat (Ex. 25:18–19). In the New Testament, we see that Christ through his sacrifice is the source of all mercy and atonement for us (Rom. 3:25). In addition, Christ’s execution of war is depicted especially with reference to his second coming in Revelation 19:11. He rides on a horse, not on a chariot. But the point is similar. It is through Christ that God executes war against evil. In this way, Christ is the fulfillment of the chariot symbolism in the Old Testament.
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It is not the believer's faithfulness that makes him holy; it is Christ's faithfulness that makes him holy, and because Christ makes him holy by his faithfulness, the believer lives holily and faithfully to and by Jesus Christ. —Frank Hall